Solidarity and courage amidst increasing violence against LGBTIQ persons in Indonesia

On 27 January 2018, approximately 10 beauty salons in North Aceh, Indonesia became subject to raids and 12 transgender women were arrested. They were forced to cut and shave their hair, stripped of their clothes, verbally harassed, and subjected to physical and mental therapies in an attempt to make them more “masculine”. On the pretenses of protecting public morals, the women were subjected to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment and punishment. The raids and arrests were part of the Aceh government’s policy directive on “Eradication of Community Disease” and counter terrorism.

This act of violence is the most recent in a wave of persecution by government and extremist civilian forces against transgender and LGBIQ persons in Indonesia, including last year’s public flogging of two men on charges of committing consensual sexual relations.

We urge the government of Indonesia to uphold its human rights obligations to respect and protect the rights of all persons, including ceasing, stopping and preventing all the violence against LGBTIQ persons in Aceh. We call on the international community to remain vigilant on the matter and condemn the actions of Aceh’s police force. We call on NHRI’s in Indonesia to monitor the human rights situation and undertake on-site inspection of places where the risk of human rights violations is high. We express solidarity to fellow LGBTIQ advocates in Indonesia, continue your bravery in upholding human rights and dignity amidst the brewing violence by extremist groups.


“Reparative therapies aim to change a person’s gender identity, gender expression or sexual orientation is not based on evidence and is no longer considered ethical. Yet, such prosecution is in part the lived reality of transgender people where state laws and sanctions are not put in place to realize human rights-based legal gender recognition. Respect for transgender people’s human rights encompasses the obligation to refrain from doing actions that violate those human rights.” Joe Wong, Program Manager, Asia Pacific Transgender Network (APTN)

“The persecution of 12 transgender women in Aceh, if not challenged and condemned, will send a terror to all LGBTIQ persons in Indonesia. They are not protected by the law and can become a target anytime. We need to resist and prevent such discrimination from spreading to other regions and other countries in Asia.” Manisha Dhakal, Asian Representative, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA)

“The looming criminalization of LGBTIQ persons in Indonesia coupled with the wave of targeted violence across the country is alarming. If not prevented, this can be a lethal mix that may trigger a crisis. We are afraid that Indonesia may be at risk of committing a crime against humanity.” Ryan Silverio, Regional Coordinator, ASEAN SOGIE Caucus (ASC)

“We urge the Indonesian government to apply the Yogyakarta Principles that outline a set of international principles relating to sexual orientation and gender identity, in particular to address cases of violence against LGBTIQ, including by implementing measures to prevent all forms of violence, by investigating and penalizing such actions, and by undertaking necessary reforms in the justice system.”  – Midnight Poonkasetwattana, Executive Director, APCOM

For further information:

Joe Wong, Asia Pacific Transgender Network


Ryan Silverio, ASEAN SOGIE Caucus


Lieu Anh Vu, ILGA Asia


Midnight Poonkasetwattana, APCOM



Youth Statement

We are a group of 18 young people, representing 11 organizations from 9 countries and territories, gathering at the 7th ILGA Asia conference held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

We have reached a consensus on the following points:

1: We define youth as people between 15 and 32 years old. However, we also believe that anyone who identifies themselves as a young person should not be excluded from participating in youth-related discussions.

2: We define youth organizations as those led by youth and serving youth. But we welcome organizations who may only meet one of these two requirements.

3: LGBTQI youth are especially vulnerable as they are highly exposed to stigma, violence and censorship.

4. Within the LGBTQI movement, youth organizations are not equally treated, space for and attention to their voice is not enough.

5: LGBTQI youth organizations lack financial and technical support to operate and strengthen their capacity.

6. We need a deeper awareness and to take greater responsibility in building an inclusive youth movement which recognizes every individual who works from the grassroots and who is underrepresented.

We therefore make the following recommendations:

7: We call for members of our youth community to support each other to form local groups and organizations.

8: We call for the establishment of a mentorship mechanism between youth organizations and those more experienced and resourceful in order to develop a new generation of youth leadership.

9: We encourage donors and funders to invest more in youth organizations and youth community, and to make efforts to support youth organizations that cannot meet the established funding requirements due to their limited capacity.

10. We encourage intergovernmental organizations and international NGOs to pay attention to linguistic and cultural diversity in Asia and to make their publications and resources available to youth who do not speak English by collaborating with local partners.

11: We encourage ILGA Asia to provide more support for youth pre-conference and youth caucus in upcoming conferences.

12: We encourage ILGA Asia to include at least one youth representative in their board and chairing pool.

13: We encourage ILGA Asia to keep providing scholarship for young participants in upcoming conferences.

14: We encourage ILGA Asia to work with ILGA World to reduce membership fee for youth organizations.

15: To make sure that our recommendations are recognized and implemented, we decided to establish a working group to follow up closely with ILGA Asia and other identified stakeholders in the upcoming year. Members are selected from participants in the caucus meeting on a voluntary basis, but we encourage more young participants of this conference to join.

We call upon the ILGA Asia conference to adopt this statement as a sign of its support to the Asian youth empowerment movement within the LGBTQI community.

We thank you for your attention.


Yang Shi, China

Justin Francis Bionat, Philippines

Sadam Hanjabam, India

Sandeepa Perera, Sri Lanka

Mengying Han, China

Junmi Chen, China

Guobing Wang, China

Gopi Shankar Madurai, India

Yishu Li, China

Khînluí Lîm, Taiwan

Hiroto Shimizu, Japan

Mari Yoshida, Jpan

Fuis Sao Paotawan, Taiwan

Declan Loke, Malaysia

Numan Afifi, Malaysia

Ngo Le Phuong Linh, Vietnam, ICS Center

Adhe Saiful Akbar, Indonesia, PLUSH

Eric Pham, Vietnam, Hanoi Queer

Statement on The Importance of Interfaith Work

December 6, 2017

Cambodiana Hotel, Phnom Penh

The ILGA Asia Interfaith Pre-conference

We were a group of 50 LGBTIQ faith-based leaders and allies, collectively representing Abrahamic and Karmic faiths as well as non-religious groups, gathered on Monday 4th December 2017, at the Interfaith Pre-conference of the 7th ILGA Asia Conference in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

This Interfaith Pre-conference wass the first ever in the history of ILGA Asia’s annual conferences, and the third in the history of ILGA World Conferences, during which LGBTIQ faith-based leaders and allies came together to discuss the past and current realities and challenges of being an LGBTIQ person of faith in the region. This pre-conference was also the opportunity to launch the book “I am Divine, so are you”, an exploration of Karmic faith’s views of sexuality, sexual orientation, gender identity and expression. Finally, at this particular Interfaith Pre-conference, we held a session for all of us to express our recommendations to ILGA Asia and ILGA, regarding the combination of human sexuality and spirituality, and integration of such a faith-based lens within the organization’s work.

As a group, we expressed some of the challenges faced by LGBTI people of faith:

1. The rejection from family because of religious values; 

2. The rejection from LGBTIQ and/or religious communities; 

3. The correction of SOGI identities based on text or scripture of bible; 

4. The doctrine that homosexuality is sin, immoral; 

5. The past sexual violation which led questioning of sexuality. 

We developed the following recommendations for ILGA:

1. Database on faith based communities that works for LGBTIQ movement and/or LGBTIQ organisation that work closely with interfaith issues. We urge ILGA Asia to identify and map out the LGBTIQ-friendly faith based groups (including churches, temples, mosque, pagodas, etc) and/or religious leaders within Asia communities

2. Resource Center on Interfaith and Sexuality. We urge ILGA Asia to collaborate with the Global Interfaith Network particularly within Asia region to create and/or develop platform that provide guidelines, tool-kit, publication, resource (books, article, journal) related to interfaith and sexuality, including the above-mentioned database. It can be integrated within the ILGA Asia platform such as website and social media.

The Interfaith Preconference Planning Committee The Global Interfaith Network for People of All Sexes, Sexual Orientations, Gender Identities and Expressions

3. The development of interfaith work in the future of ILGA Asia’s work. We urge ILGA Asia to sustain creating safe space to address interfaith discussion within the member of ILGA Asia through further programs including sub-regional and regional meetings and discussion,

4. Strengthening of support to local and regional interfaith organizations. We recommend ILGA Asia to provide such support and advocacy connections through the establishment of a formal technical support mechanism, the provision of training and workshop sessions including within religious and LGBTIQ communities, and to create a system to report violations to religious communities.

5. Network Development and Expansion. We would like to see further integration of interfaith issues in future regional and global ILGA conferences, including through the creation of separate sessions for LGBTI leaders of faith to present their work.

The ILGA Interfaith Pre-Conference now call upon the ILGA Asia Conference and ILGA to adopt this statement as supportive of the global inclusive interfaith movement.

The Interfaith Preconference Planning Committee

The Global Interfaith Network for People of All Sexes, Sexual Orientations, Gender Identities and Expressions

Statement of the Intersex Pre-conference

On Tuesday , 5th of December 2017, the Asian Intersex Meeting took place in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Facilitated by ILGA Asia, this meeting gathered Asian intersex organizations working for intersex human rights. The goal of the meeting was to identify objectives for the full implementation of human rights and bodily integrity and self-determination for intersex individuals in Asia.

Affirming that intersex people are real, and we exist in all regions and all countries around the world. Thus, intersex people must be supported to be the drivers of social, political and legislative changes that concern them,

Keeping in mind that intersex organizations in Asia are working together on ending discrimination on the ground of sex characteristics,

Asking the intersex movement in Asia to work together based on respect for different cultures and the context of different regions,

Asking intersex people living in Asia to work together and to respect other intersex persons,

Deeply convinced that people must respect each other regardless of the name they use to describe their variation of sex characteristics,

Declaring that we use the word intersex simply for the purpose of this document and that we recognize the right of people to use other words to identify their variations of sex characteristics,

Demanding society respects the rights of intersex people to define what intersex is.

We ask ILGA-Asia and intersex organizations in Asia:

1. To raise awareness about intersex issues and the rights of intersex people in society at large;

2. To challenge the definition of sex as consisting of only male and female and promote the knowledge that sex is a continuum, as is gender;

3. To ensure that intersex people are fully protected against discrimination. To achieve this, we recommend the adoption of anti-discrimination legislation on the ground of sex characteristics – regardless of the specific appearance or configuration of these characteristics;

4. To recognize that 1 in 200 refugees is intersex and that these intersex people need protection against discrimination and need psychosocial help with the intersectionality of being intersex and a refugee;

5. To ensure that all stakeholders that have a specific role to play in intersex people’s wellbeing such as, but not limited to, health care providers, parents and professionals working in the area of education, as well as society in general, are instructed on intersex issues from a human rights perspective;

6. To work towards ending the infanticide of intersex children and the honor killings of intersex adults; To work towards making non-consensual medical and psychological treatment unlawful. Medical practitioners or other professionals should not conduct any treatment with the purpose of modifying sex characteristics which can be deferred until the person to be treated can provide informed consent.

In view of these objectives, the Asian Intersex Meeting calls on the national governments in Asia, to take on board intersex issues in their work and provide full protection for intersex people.

Statement of Recommendations from the Trans Caucus

 The ILGA Asia Trans Pre-Conference 

ILGA Asia Conference 2017

Phnom Penh, Cambodia

December 5, 2017


The Trans Pre-conference was convened on December 5, 2017 at the 7th ILGA Asia Conference held in Phnom Penh Cambodia. The Pre-conference was composed of sessions that tackled Legal Gender Recognition advocacy in the region, as well as possible opportunities to collaborate with the World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) in the drafting of the 8th version of the Standards of Care (SOC8). The ILGA World Trans Secretariat, represented by the Society of Transsexual Women of the Philippines (STRAP), also delivered a report on the activities of the Secretariat from 2015 to 2016. Over 60 individual trans activists and allies were present at these sessions.

The ILGA Asia Trans Caucus was convened after the above-mentioned sessions and included around 30 trans and gender non-binary individual activists. The primary task of this caucus was to decide among ourselves our nominee for the position of Trans Representative on the ILGA Asia Executive Board. After careful deliberation and insightful conversations, the caucus has decided to nominate Mani AQ from Naz Male Health Alliance, Pakistan, as our nominee for ILGA Asia Trans Representative. As such, the caucus would like the ILGA Asia Conference to support the nomination of Mani, who will be one of the first transgender men to serve on the ILGA Asia Executive Board, by voting for him at the upcoming election.

The Caucus would also like to respectfully make the following recommendations to the ILGA Asia Conference and the incoming ILGA Asia Executive Board:

  • To convene a panel or workshop on Trans Sex Work to be included in the Main Conference at the next ILGA Asia Conference in 2019;
  • That the next Trans Pre-Conference at the ILGA Asia Conference in 2019 be centered on themes of Work, Labor, and Economic Empowerment for trans people.
  • And to create an intersectional space within the next Trans Pre-Conference on Work, Labor, and Economic Empowerment to talk about other ‘minoritizing’ factors of identity such as sexual orientation, ageism, and access to education.


The ILGA Asia Trans Caucus

First Bisexual Preconference Statement

On December 4th 2017, the very first Bi-Preconference took place at biannual ILGA Asia conference. We, bisexual and/or allies are proud and pleased to be participating in this one day event and thank ILGA ASIA for this first step!

We recognize that all over Asia, from thewe face the same issues, in different forms and degrees. There is a general lack of awareness about Bisexuality, Bi+ and BiVisibility, not only in societies but also among the movements. We are seeking for awareness raising and – more – inclusion of non-monosexuality at the local, regional and international level.

We ask ILGA ASIA to act more inclusively and encourage all members to do so. We demand ILGA ASIA to provide members with adequate educational material and empower them in facing the challenges in mono-sexist communities. We want ILGA ASIA to consult with local and regional NGOs and activists about specific Bi issues at local and regional level.

We want non-monosexuality related sessions to be integrated in the next biannual conference and not only in a pre-conference event.

We also wish ILGA ASIA to be an incubator for the Asian Bi-Movement by facilitating the collaboration between individuals, activists and organizations. Dedication of funds for research and activism is vital.

We ask all participants in ILGA Asia conference, and all members in general, to recognize Bisexuality as it is, an independent valid sexual orientation, to acknowledge Biereasure and Biphobia and not considering Biphobia a form of homophobia. Inclusion is a duty, not thinking/acting/talking inclusively is a failure.

Taking into account “Intersectionality” is the key point for all of us who want to bring change, forced or conventional marriages, bi-parenthood, self-identification and sense of belonging to a community are the important topics in need to be addressed promptly.


Participants of Bisexual Pre-conference

Accommodation in Phnom Penh


The conference is taking place at Hotel Cambodiana (Address:  313 Sisowath Quay, Daun Penh, Chakto Mukh, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Tel: 023 426 288), so you are encouraged to stay at this hotel for your own convenience. You can reserve a room directly with the hotel, or contact ILGA Asia ( for assistance.

You are advised to check in on 3rd December 2017 and check out in the evening of 8th December or on 9th December 2017.

If you wish to stay somewhere else, Phnom Penh also offers a wide selection of friendly accommodation to the LGBTI community:

Hotel Address Rate Breakfast Website
Manor House Address: #21, St. 262, Daun Penh , Phnom Penh, Cambodia Standard double suite from 33$/night Breakfast Included
Arthur & Paul (men only) #27 street 71, Chamkar Morn, Phnom Penh, Cambodge King Standard from 87$/night Breakfast Included
Plantation Hotel #28 street 184, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Doun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodge, 12206 From 75$/night Breakfast Included
Rambutan Resort Hotel #29, Street 71, Chamkar Morn, Phnom Penh, Cambodge Standard double room from 56$/night Breakfast Included
Casa Villa Independance No.4, Street 294, Sangkat Boueng Keng Kang I, Chamcarmon, Chamkar Morn, Phnom Penh, Cambodge Superior room from 44$/night Breakfast Included
Saravoan Royal Palace #43, Street 178. Phnom penh cambodia, Doun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodge, 12000 Superior double from 41$/night Breakfast Included
Okay Boutique Hotel #174, Street 19z, 12206, Behind Royal Place & National Museum, Doun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 12206 Superior double from 45$/night Breakfast Included
Patio Hotel & Urban Resort Street 51(Paster, Group 68, Phum5, Sangkat Beoung Keng Kong I, Khan Chamkamorn), Chamkar Morn, Phnom Penh, Cambodge, 12302 Superior double from 59$/night Breakfast Included
Sun & Moon Urban Hotel # 68, corner of street 136 and 15 Phsar Kandal1, Doun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodge, 12000 Deluxe King Bed from 79$/night Breakfast Included
Frangipani Royal Palace #27, Street 178, Sangkat Cheychumneas, Khan Daun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Doun Penh, Phnom Penh, Cambodge, 12300 From 75$/night Breakfast Included

Visa to Cambodia


In order to attend the conference, you may need to have a visa to enter Cambodia.


Visa requirement:
Application on arrival at Phnom Penh airport or prior to departure at the Cambodian Embassy/mission in country
Tourist visa: 30 days, one entry, 30USD on arrival (+ 1ID picture)
Business visa: 30 days, one entry, 35 USD on arrival (1ID picture)


Only for tourist visa: 30 days, one entry, 30USD + 7USD processing fees
(3 months validity from date of issue / 3 business days)


To enter Cambodia, you will first require a visa. We recommend a one month “tourist” visa. However, it is your responsibility to check whether or not you will need to apply in advance for a visa.  In any case, we strongly recommend that you apply for this visa in advance at your nearest Cambodian embassy or consulate or online when possible, as tourists can sometimes be required to pay small additional bribes to obtain visas on arrival. Bring a passport photo with you for the visa officials to avoid having to pay an additional fee.
You are responsible for checking the relevant requirements applicable for your one month “tourist” visa application. Please note that the one month “tourist” is only single entry visa.  Therefore, the visa will expire as soon as you leave Cambodia.


Country of origin Visa requirement e-visa Visa on Arrival
Afghanistan Yes No Yes
Bahrain Yes Yes Yes
Bangladesh Yes No Yes
China Yes Yes Yes
Hong Kong Yes Yes Yes
India Yes Yes Yes
Indonesia Exemption
Irak Yes No Yes
Iran Yes No Yes
Israel Yes Yes Yes
Japan Yes Yes Yes
Jordan Yes Yes Yes
Kazakhstan Yes Yes Yes
Kuwait Yes Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan Yes Yes Yes
Laos Exemption
Lebanon Yes Yes Yes
Malaysia Exemption
Mongolia Yes Yes Yes
Myanmar Exemption
Nepal Yes Yes Yes
Pakistan Yes No Yes
Philippines Exemption
Singapore Exemption
South Korea Yes Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Yes No Yes
Taiwan Yes Yes Yes
Tajikistan Yes Yes Yes
Thailand Exemption
Timor-Leste Yes Yes Yes
Turkmenistan Yes Yes Yes
Uzbekistan Yes Yes Yes
Vietnam Exemption

Should you have any issue obtaining a visa to Cambodia, for example if you country doesn’t have a Cambodian embassy, please send an email to for assistance.

Equal Employment Opportunities Policy Statement

ILGA Asia logo official

ILGA Asia is an equal opportunities employer. It aims to endure that all full-time and part-time employees, potential employees and other individuals:

  • Will receive equal treatment, including access to employment, training and opportunities for promotion, regardless of any personal attribute, including but not limited to colour, nationality, national or ethnic origin, race, gender,  sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, domestic circumstances, marital status, pregnancy, trade union membership, gender  reassignment, health status, HIV status, religion or belief, age, sexuality, sex  characteristics, bodily diversity and disability.
  • Will not be disadvantages by a condition or requirement which cannot be shown to be justifiable.

This policy does not form part of the contract of employment.


  • All recruitment publicity aims to encourage applications from all individuals who have appropriate qualifications and/or experience. ILGA Asia will promote its jobs via communication channels accessed by marginalized populations. Selection criteria and procedures will be continually reviewed to ensure that applicants are assessed purely on the basis of their relevant merits and abilities.
  • It is against ILGA Asia’s policy to offer discriminatory terms and conditions of employment. All individuals employed in the same capacity will receive equal pay, benefits and other terms and conditions.
  • All promotion is strictly on the basis of ability to do the job. No decision to promote will be made on a discriminatory basis.
  • Wherever possible and appropriate, specific training and encouragement will be given to ensure equality of opportunity within the organisation.
  • Any age restrictions, which are imposed by ILGA Asia, will be justifiable and nondiscriminatory.
  • Where employees have difficulties in meeting requirements in relation to working practices, ILGA Asia will, wherever possible and where reasonable alternative options exist, try to devise an alternative. For example, relocate or carry out overtime and shift-work will wherever possible be kept to a minimum and always applied in the nondiscriminatory manner.
  • ILGA Asia will create opportunities for part-time work or job-sharing wherever possible and ensure that part-time employees receive fair treatment. ILGA Asia will consider all requests for the creation of part-time positions.
  • Demands of religion (g. prayer time and religious holidays), culture (e.g. traditional dress) and special dietary needs will be accommodated wherever possible.
  • ILGA Asia will, wherever possible, strive to assist employees with domestic responsibilities (g. young children or dependent elderly relatives).
  • Disciplinary action will be taken against any employee who is found, after a full investigation; to be in breach of this policy. Serious breaches will be treated as gross misconduct.


  • A copy of this policy document will be given to all employees and other workers at the ILGA Asia premises and made permanently available in an appropriate place.
  • All employees and other workers have a duty to be aware of this policy and ensure that their behavior is non-discriminatory.
  • ILGA Asia’s employment procedures are closely monitored to ensure that this policy works in practice, and where qualifications are equal, preference will be given to ensure that a diversity of the ILGA Asia membership and other traditionally marginalized workers will be preferenced.


  • If any employee, worker or job application has any doubts or queries about this policy then they should consult the Executive Board.
  • If an employee or worker encounters a situation where they feel that they have suffered inequality or lack of opportunity or discrimination, then they should (if possible) explain to the relevant person(s) that their behavior could amount to unequal treatment and/or discrimination and should not be afraid to ask them to stop. However, it is recognized that this is not always possible, in which case any employees and other workers are encouraged to implement the procedure set out below.
  • Employees or other workers may, if they wish, discuss any concerns with the Executive Board on a confidential and informal basis if the informal approach is ineffective, or the individual does not feel it appropriate, the individual is encouraged to submit a written complaint to the Executive Board stating that he or she feels that he or she has been treated in breach of the policy. This should be done as soon as possible after the relevant event(s).

The Executive Board

  • Will investigate the matter promptly and fully.
  • Will investigate the matter with complete confidence so far as this does not prejudice the fairness to both parties of the investigation.
  • Will take evidence from any relevant witnesses and carefully consider the appropriate weight to be given to the evidence.
  • May, after the investigation has been completed, recommend that a disciplinary procedure is implemented.

Disciplinary Procedure

Where ILGA Asia considers it necessary, the organization’s disciplinary procedure will be followed against any employee who is believed to have violated this policy. In particular:

  • Tell the alleged discriminator what allegations she or he is facing prior to the disciplinary hearing.
  • Give the alleged discriminator copies of any evidence which ILGA Asia will rely upon at the disciplinary hearing.
  • Tell the alleged discriminator that dismissal is a possibility if the allegations are so serious that dismissal could result.
  • Inform the alleged discriminator in good time and in writing of the date of the proposed disciplinary hearing.
  • Appoint an appropriate independent person at Executive Board level (who did not conduct the investigation) to chair the hearing.
  • Notify the alleged discriminator of his or her right to be accompanied at the hearing by a fellow employee or trade union representative.
  • At the end of the hearing, consider whether further investigation is required before any disciplinary action is taken.
  • Inform the alleged discriminator in writing of the result of the hearing and, where a complaint is proved, take any appropriate disciplinary action against the discriminator.
  • Any disciplinary action taken will be proportionate to the gravity of the discrimination which has taken place.
  • ILGA Asia will take all reasonable steps to ensure that any individual who makes a complaint relation to unequal treatment, and which is made in good faith, is not subjected to any retaliation or detriment as a consequence of the complaint being made. The entire procedure will be carried out in the strictest confidence and where the complaint has been made in good faith will not prejudice the employee’s future employment in any way.

This Equal Employment Opportunities Policy Statement was adopted by the Executive Board in 2016.